News | Lund university Lund University, Sweden - a top 100 university http://www.xinhuifc.com/ What if we paid countries to protect biodiversity? http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/what-if-we-paid-countries-to-protect-biodiversity Researchers from Sweden, Germany, Brazil and the USA have developed a financial mechanism to support the protection of the world’s natural heritage. In a recent study, they developed three different design options for an intergovernmental biodiversity financing mechanism. Asking what would happen if money was given to countries for providing protected areas, they simulated where the money would flow, what type of incentives this would create - and how these incentives would align with international conservation goals. 4337 Fri, 30 Aug 2019 13:16:59 +0200 News | Lund university How changes in land use could reduce the browning of lakes http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/how-changes-in-land-use-could-reduce-the-browning-of-lakes Over the past 50 years, the water in lakes and watercourses has turned increasingly brown. The so-called browning has a negative impact on both drinking water production and ecosystems. If nothing is done, the water is likely to turn even browner – however, there is hope. 4336 Thu, 29 Aug 2019 11:48:00 +0200 News | Lund university Research project to develop an innovative strategy for cancer therapy http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/research-project-to-develop-an-innovative-strategy-for-cancer-therapy The first evidence was recently presented demonstrating how the immune system can be controlled by directly reprogramming connective tissue cells into immune cells. The discovery provides the opportunity to develop an entirely new strategy for targeted immunotherapy against cancer. 4335 Mon, 26 Aug 2019 11:51:32 +0200 News | Lund university Lund University School of Economics and Management receives double accreditation http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/lund-university-school-of-economics-and-management-receives-double-accreditation The Lund University School of Economics and Management has been accredited for five years by both EQUIS and AMBA, placing the school in the top 1 per cent of business schools globally that hold both accreditations. 4333 Wed, 21 Aug 2019 15:38:25 +0200 News | Lund university The composition of fossil insect eyes surprises researchers http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/the-composition-of-fossil-insect-eyes-surprises-researchers Eumelanin – a natural pigment found for instance in human eyes – has, for the first time, been identified in the fossilized compound eyes of 54-million-year-old crane-flies. It was previously assumed that melanic screening pigments did not exist in arthropods. 4323 Wed, 14 Aug 2019 19:00:00 +0200 News | Lund university Association between coeliac disease risk and gluten intake confirmed http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/association-between-coeliac-disease-risk-and-gluten-intake-confirmed An extensive study has confirmed that the risk of developing coeliac disease is connected to the amount of gluten children consume. The new study is observational and therefore does not prove causation; however, it is the most comprehensive of its kind to date. The results are presented in the prestigious journal JAMA. 4322 Wed, 14 Aug 2019 11:08:44 +0200 News | Lund university Study sheds light on the darker parts of our genetic heritage http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/study-sheds-light-on-the-darker-parts-of-our-genetic-heritage More than half of our genome consists of transposons,?DNA sequences that are reminiscent of ancient, extinct viruses.?Transposons are normally silenced by a process known as DNA methylation, but their activation can lead to serious diseases. Very little is known about transposons but researchers in an international collaboration project have now succeeded for the first time in studying what happens when DNA methylation is lost in human cells. These findings provide new insight into how changes in DNA methylation contribute to diseases. 4316 Fri, 19 Jul 2019 12:16:30 +0200 News | Lund university Osteoarthritis linked to higher risk of dying from cardiovascular disease http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/osteoarthritis-linked-to-higher-risk-of-dying-from-cardiovascular-disease Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have investigated the link between osteoarthritis and mortality in an epidemiological study. It was shown that the risk of dying from cardiovascular disease was higher for people with osteoarthritis than for the rest of the population. 4315 Tue, 16 Jul 2019 12:18:24 +0200 News | Lund university Larger drug trials that intervene earlier needed for Alzheimer's disease http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/larger-drug-trials-that-intervene-earlier-needed-for-alzheimers-disease There are currently no drugs that stop or inhibit Alzheimer's disease. Despite drug trials showing plaque reduction in the brain, the patients' cognitive function did not improve. Would the results be different if it were possible to design studies that intervene much earlier on in the disease, before cognition is affected? This is what an international study, led by Lund University in Sweden, has attempted to facilitate. The findings have now been published in Neurology. 4314 Tue, 16 Jul 2019 11:57:45 +0200 News | Lund university Fear of predators increases risk of illness http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/fear-of-predators-increases-risk-of-illness Predators are not only a deadly threat to many animals, they also affect potential prey negatively simply by being nearby. Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have studied what happens to the prey’s immune system when they are forced to expend a large amount of their energy on avoiding being eaten. 4313 Tue, 09 Jul 2019 11:28:47 +0200 News | Lund university High rates of opioid prescriptions for osteoarthritis http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/high-rates-of-opioid-prescriptions-for-osteoarthritis Opioids work against severe pain but the risks of side effects and addiction are high. In the USA alone, 26 people die every day from overdoses. Now researchers in an international collaboration have investigated how common opioid prescriptions are for osteoarthritis patients in Sweden. It emerged that every fourth patient was prescribed opioids at some point between November 2014 and October 2015. 4312 Mon, 08 Jul 2019 10:42:47 +0200 News | Lund university Unique climate model that includes vegetation developed http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/unique-climate-model-that-includes-vegetation-developed Researchers at Lund University have contributed to creating a uniquely detailed global climate model that will increase our understanding of climate change. It is the first time that vegetation and land use, at this level of detail, are included in climate modeling within EC-Earth, a global climate and earth system model. 4310 Fri, 05 Jul 2019 15:55:20 +0200 News | Lund university Protein linked to aggressive skin cancer http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/protein-linked-to-aggressive-skin-cancer Almost 300,000 people worldwide develop malignant melanoma each year. The disease is the most serious form of skin cancer and the number of cases reported annually is increasing, making skin cancer one of Sweden’s most common forms of cancer. A research team at Lund University in Sweden has studied a protein that regulates a gene which is linked to metastasis of malignant melanoma. 4309 Fri, 28 Jun 2019 14:53:41 +0200 News | Lund university Current green growth policies are not enough to reach Paris Agreement climate targets http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/current-green-growth-policies-are-not-enough-to-reach-paris-agreement-climate-targets New research suggests that green growth climate mitigation policies are not sufficient for reaching the ambitious targets of the Paris Agreement, to limit global warming to well below 2°C by the end of the century. 4296 Wed, 26 Jun 2019 12:46:33 +0200 News | Lund university New blood test for detecting Alzheimer’s disease http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/new-blood-test-for-detecting-alzheimers-disease Researchers from Lund University, together with the Roche pharmaceutical company, have used a method to develop a new blood marker capable of detecting whether or not a person has Alzheimer’s disease. If the method is approved for clinical use, the researchers hope eventually to see it used as a diagnostic tool in primary healthcare. This autumn, they will start a trial in primary healthcare to test the technique. 4290 Tue, 25 Jun 2019 12:52:37 +0200 News | Lund university Dung beetles use wind compass when the sun is high http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/dung-beetles-use-wind-compass-when-the-sun-is-high Researchers have shown for the first time that an animal uses different directional sensors to achieve the highest possible navigational precision in different conditions. When the sun is high, dung beetles navigate using the wind. 4289 Tue, 25 Jun 2019 12:28:47 +0200 News | Lund university Clinical trials beginning for possible preeclampsia treatment http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/clinical-trials-beginning-for-possible-preeclampsia-treatment For over 20 years, a team of researchers at Lund University has worked on developing a drug against preeclampsia – a serious disorder which annually affects around 9 million pregnant women worldwide and is one of the main causes of death in both mothers and unborn babies. 4284 Mon, 24 Jun 2019 14:19:56 +0200 News | Lund university LU Sweden's top-ranked university in QS World University Rankings 2020 http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/lu-swedens-top-ranked-university-in-qs-world-university-rankings-2020 Lund University has once again been ranked as the number one university in Sweden and 92nd in the world in the QS World University Rankings 2020. 4282 Thu, 20 Jun 2019 11:39:52 +0200 News | Lund university WATCH: The three risk factors behind obesity http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/watch-the-three-risk-factors-behind-obesity Researcher Louise Brunkwall at Lund University explains how three risk factors are involved in obesity. 4280 Wed, 19 Jun 2019 11:57:42 +0200 News | Lund university How Sweden went from ‘least democratic’ to welfare state http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/how-sweden-went-from-least-democratic-to-welfare-state In a new study, Lund University economic historian Erik Bengtsson debunks the myth that Sweden was destined to become a social democratic country. Instead, he argues that it was actually against all odds, as Sweden in the early 1900s was one of the western world’s most unequal countries – and the least democratic in western Europe. 4266 Fri, 14 Jun 2019 13:09:17 +0200 News | Lund university Apply now for spring 2020 studies http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/apply-now-for-spring-2020-studies The application period is open for a selection of study programmes at Lund University starting in spring (January) 2020. The deadline to apply is 15 August 2019. 4258 Tue, 04 Jun 2019 10:12:37 +0200 News | Lund university Super-fast broadband may have negative side effects for companies http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/super-fast-broadband-may-have-negative-side-effects-for-companies Optic fiber broadband expansion could be reducing companies’ performance and turnover, according to a new study from Lund University in Sweden. The explanation proposed by the researchers is that the internet and smartphones are a distraction that reduces employee productivity, and blurs lines between personal and work-related internet use. The conclusion should be interpreted with caution, however: whereas the negative impact is strongly supported with statistics, the proposed explanation is a hypothesis that is only weakly supported. 4245 Mon, 27 May 2019 15:34:22 +0200 News | Lund university Gardening tips: Five easy ways to contribute to biodiversity http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/gardening-tips-five-easy-ways-to-contribute-to-biodiversity The greatest threat to biodiversity today is different species losing their habitats. To reverse this trend will require action on many societal levels, and there are simple things you can do in your own garden to help, according to Lund University researchers Anna Persson and Caroline Isaksson. 4242 Fri, 24 May 2019 12:27:20 +0200 News | Lund university An additional SEK 50 million to research on the brain’s mechanisms http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/an-additional-sek-50-million-to-research-on-the-brains-mechanisms A European consortium, led from Lund University, is to receive SEK 50 million from the EU for research which is to develop our understanding of the functional mechanisms of the brain. The research project, called INTUITIVE, is one of the Innovative Training Networks within the framework of Horizon 2020. 4230 Wed, 22 May 2019 13:06:07 +0200 News | Lund university Researchers block protein that plays a key role in Alzheimer’s disease http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/researchers-block-protein-that-plays-a-key-role-in-alzheimers-disease In recent years, it has become increasingly clear to researchers that the protein galectin-3 is involved in inflammatory diseases in the brain. A study led by researchers at Lund University in Sweden now shows the de facto key role played by the protein in Alzheimer’s disease. When the researchers shut off the gene that produces this protein in mice, the amount of Alzheimer’s plaque and the inflammatory load both decreased. 4222 Wed, 15 May 2019 13:14:40 +0200 News | Lund university Ruth Bader Ginsburg receives jubilee honorary doctorate http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/ruth-bader-ginsburg-receives-jubilee-honorary-doctorate During a brief visit to Sweden, the renowned US Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg received a jubilee honorary doctorate from the Faculty of Law in a formal ceremony in Stockholm. 4206 Wed, 08 May 2019 22:31:59 +0200 News | Lund university Lead author on IPBES global assessment: loss of biodiversity is as crucial as climate change http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/lead-author-on-ipbes-global-assessment-loss-of-biodiversity-is-as-crucial-as-climate-change The UN Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) global assessment on nature highlights that one million animal and plant species are now threatened with extinction. Dr. Mine Islar, one of the lead athors of the report, and senior lecturer and researcher at Lund University, explains the significance of the report’s findings. 4204 Mon, 06 May 2019 14:58:28 +0200 News | Lund university Hunting jeopardizes forest carbon storage, yet is overlooked in climate mitigation efforts http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/hunting-jeopardizes-forest-carbon-storage-yet-is-overlooked-in-climate-mitigation-efforts The loss of animals, often due to unregulated or illegal hunting, has consequences for the carbon storage capacity of forests, yet this link is rarely mentioned in high-level climate policy discussions, according to a new study from Lund University in Sweden and the University of Copenhagen in Denmark. 4203 Mon, 06 May 2019 14:33:49 +0200 News | Lund university New view on the mechanisms of how the brain works http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/new-view-on-the-mechanisms-of-how-the-brain-works After a series of studies, researchers at Lund University in Sweden, together with colleagues in Italy, have shown that not only one part, but most parts of the brain can be involved in processing the signals that arise from touch. The results open the way for a new approach to how the brain’s network of neurons processes information, and thereby the mechanisms by which the brain works. 4201 Mon, 29 Apr 2019 15:14:29 +0200 News | Lund university Gestational diabetes in India and Sweden http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/gestational-diabetes-in-india-and-sweden Indian women are younger and leaner than Swedish women when they develop gestational diabetes, a new study from Lund University shows. The researchers also found a gene that increases the risk of gestational diabetes in Swedish women, but which, on the contrary, turned out to have a protective effect in Indian women. 4198 Fri, 26 Apr 2019 10:49:02 +0200 News | Lund university Honorary lecturer Feng Zhang: CRISPR research – a treasure hunt in nature http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/honorary-lecturer-feng-zhang-crispr-research-a-treasure-hunt-in-nature Feng Zhang, professor at the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard visited Lund University at the beginning of March to deliver the annual honorary lecture organised by the Royal Physiographic and Mendelian Societies in Lund. 4196 Thu, 25 Apr 2019 11:47:43 +0200 News | Lund university First major study of proteins in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/first-major-study-of-proteins-in-patients-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukaemia The most common form of childhood cancer is acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). Researchers at Lund University in Sweden, in cooperation with Karolinska Institutet, SciLifeLab and the University of Cambridge, have now carried out the most extensive analysis to date of ALL at the protein level, by studying the activity in over 8 000 genes and proteins. The results show aberrant folding in the DNA string, which in turn affects the genes’ activity. The study was recently published in Nature Communications. 4195 Thu, 25 Apr 2019 11:41:01 +0200 News | Lund university How lifestyle affects our genes: review http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/how-lifestyle-affects-our-genes-review In the past decade, knowledge of how lifestyle affects our genes, a research field called epigenetics, has grown exponentially. Researchers at the Lund University Diabetes Centre have summarised the state of scientific knowledge within epigenetics linked to obesity and type 2 diabetes in a review article published in the scientific journal Cell Metabolism. 4193 Tue, 23 Apr 2019 15:40:38 +0200 News | Lund university How lifestyle affects our genes http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/how-lifestyle-affects-our-genes In the past decade, knowledge of how lifestyle affects our genes, a research field called epigenetics, has grown exponentially. Researchers at Lund University have summarised the state of scientific knowledge within epigenetics linked to obesity and type 2 diabetes in a review article published in the scientific journal Cell Metabolism. 4192 Tue, 23 Apr 2019 15:29:00 +0200 News | Lund university Geology professor releases new book about… heavy metal http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/geology-professor-releases-new-book-about-heavy-metal Professor Mats E. Eriksson of Lund University in Sweden is now publishing his second book in the somewhat unusual subject combination of geological fossils and heavy metal music. 4191 Tue, 23 Apr 2019 13:49:09 +0200 News | Lund university More evidence that blood tests can detect the risk of Alzheimer’s http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/more-evidence-that-blood-tests-can-detect-the-risk-of-alzheimers A new study confirms that a simple blood test can reveal whether there is accelerating nerve cell damage in the brain. The researchers analysed neurofilament light protein (NFL) in blood samples from patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Recently published in JAMA Neurology, the study suggests that the NFL concentration in the blood could be able to indicate if a drug actually affects the loss of nerve cells. 4190 Tue, 23 Apr 2019 13:26:38 +0200 News | Lund university LU student named "Global Swede 2019" http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/lu-student-named-global-swede-2019 Congratulations to Salma Kikhia, a student at the Master’s programme in Public Health at Lund University, who will be awarded the title Global Swede at a ceremony at the Swedish Institute in May. 4189 Wed, 17 Apr 2019 09:19:37 +0200 News | Lund university Abnormal proteins correlate with criminal behaviour in dementia http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/abnormal-proteins-correlate-with-criminal-behaviour-in-dementia Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have together with American colleagues studied deceased patients who were diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease or frontotemporal dementia. They observed a correlation between certain proteins and dementia sufferers’ tendency to commit criminal acts. 4188 Fri, 12 Apr 2019 15:41:40 +0200 News | Lund university How much land do we need to produce enough food, bioenergy and forest? New digital technology provides more reliable prognoses http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/how-much-land-do-we-need-to-produce-enough-food-bioenergy-and-forest-new-digital-technology-provides-more-reliable-prognoses Currently, it can take weeks and even months to produce results on how the future climate could affect agriculture. Now, researchers at Lund University are looking to change this and have produced simplified models, so-called emulators, to make it simpler – and above all, faster – to link vegetation, finance and climate models. 4187 Fri, 12 Apr 2019 09:29:11 +0200 News | Lund university Access to clean water is not an option for everyone. Lund researchers are helping rural areas in Kazakhstan http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/access-to-clean-water-is-not-an-option-for-everyone-lund-researchers-are-helping-rural-areas-in-kazakhstan Living in a community with access to clean water and functioning sanitation is a basic requirement for people’s good health. In Kazakhstan in Central Asia, people cannot depend on a reliable water supply and many are at risk of contracting serious infectious diseases. However, the country now wants to focus on improving public health and has turned to Lund University for help. 4179 Thu, 11 Apr 2019 16:13:26 +0200 News | Lund university WATCH: Lund University students develop smart living plant wall http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/watch-lund-university-students-develop-smart-living-plant-wall A team of former Lund University students have developed a smart plant wall, that can be monitored via an app and therefore minimizes the amount of maintenance needed. The smart wall measures things like indoor temperature, humidity and water levels to make sure the plants are thriving - and therefore improving the indoor environment. 4185 Thu, 11 Apr 2019 15:37:03 +0200 News | Lund university “The forest is under strain from many directions” http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/the-forest-is-under-strain-from-many-directions Living forests with diverse plants and animals, forests where you can hike, hunt or pick berries and mushrooms – will they still be there when the pressure on forestry production increases? Is it possible to increase production in a sustainable way, without reducing the possibility of achieving environmental and sustainability goals? 4184 Thu, 11 Apr 2019 11:27:21 +0200 News | Lund university How to make solar energy more efficient http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/how-to-make-solar-energy-more-efficient The energy sector is one of the sectors that need to undergo both rapid and far-reaching transformation to limit the effects of climate change. What is the significance of basic research, which investigates new theories and new approaches, in driving development? 4181 Thu, 11 Apr 2019 10:45:02 +0200 News | Lund university New non-antibiotic strategy for the treatment of bacterial meningitis http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/new-non-antibiotic-strategy-for-the-treatment-of-bacterial-meningitis With the increasing threat of antibiotic resistance, there is a growing need for new treatment strategies against life threatening bacterial infections. Researchers at Lund University in Sweden and the University of Copenhagen may have identified such an alternative treatment for bacterial meningitis, a serious infection that can lead to sepsis. The study is published in Nature Communications. 4176 Wed, 10 Apr 2019 11:00:00 +0200 News | Lund university Remains of a planet found orbiting dead star http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/remains-of-a-planet-found-orbiting-dead-star Astronomers have discovered what appears to be the remnants of a planet orbiting a dead star in a disc of debris formed from destroyed planets. The planetary fragment could offer clues into the fate of our own Solar System in the far-off future. 4174 Fri, 05 Apr 2019 15:39:03 +0200 News | Lund university Lund researchers awarded prestigious ERC grants http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/lund-researchers-awarded-prestigious-erc-grants Two researchers at Lund University in Sweden have been awarded almost EUR 5 million in total from the European Research Council. One of the research projects focuses on the early growth of diatoms in the ocean 250 million years ago, and the subsequent global effects of the algae growth. The other grant will go towards research on the automatic control necessary to create fossil-free cities. 4168 Wed, 03 Apr 2019 10:51:27 +0200 News | Lund university Students whip up crispy crackers from waste product http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/students-whip-up-crispy-crackers-from-waste-product The whisked liquid left over when boiling beans and chickpeas – aquafaba – can replace egg whites in providing the right consistency for mayonnaise, cakes and desserts. It has therefore become a popular alternative among vegans, but within the food industry it is rare to find aquafaba as an ingredient. Now, a group of Masters’ degree students in Food Technology at Lund University in Sweden have developed a product that potentially could be sold in supermarkets. 4166 Thu, 28 Mar 2019 15:37:36 +0100 News | Lund university Bacteria could become a future source of electricity http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/bacteria-could-become-a-future-source-of-electricity In recent years, researchers have tried to capture the electrical current that bacteria generate through their own metabolism. So far, however, the transfer of the current from the bacteria to a receiving electrode has not been efficient at all. Now, researchers from institutions including Lund University have achieved a slightly more efficient transfer of electrical current. 4165 Tue, 26 Mar 2019 15:14:29 +0100 News | Lund university Groin and hips of hockey players examined in five-second test http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/groin-and-hips-of-hockey-players-examined-in-five-second-test Five seconds is enough to assess the status of a hockey player’s groin. For the first time, a simple field test, called the five-second squeeze test, has been used on icehockey players to see if it can indicate current hip/groin function and hip muscle strength. According to the new study from Lund University in Sweden, there is a clear correlation between pain levels during the five second squeeze test and impaired sporting function as well as diminished hip muscle strength. 4160 Mon, 25 Mar 2019 11:56:24 +0100 News | Lund university 3D models reveal why bigger bumblebees see better http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/3d-models-reveal-why-bigger-bumblebees-see-better By generating 3D images of bumblebees’ compound eyes, researchers at Lund University in Sweden have discovered how bumblebees differ in their vision. The results could contribute to increased knowledge about the pollination process - once researchers are able to determine which flowers different bees see easily, and which ones they find it harder to distinguish. 4159 Mon, 25 Mar 2019 10:00:16 +0100 News | Lund university Jupiter’s unknown journey revealed http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/jupiters-unknown-journey-revealed The giant planet Jupiter was formed four times further from the sun than its current orbit, and migrated inwards in the solar system over a period of 700 000 years. Researchers found proof of this incredible journey thanks to a group of asteroids close to Jupiter. 4158 Fri, 22 Mar 2019 13:58:35 +0100 News | Lund university Virtual Reality could improve your balance, study finds http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/virtual-reality-could-improve-your-balance-study-finds Virtual Reality technology could become an efficient tool for older people with balance problems or for rehabilitation following injuries or illness that affect balance and movement. In a new study published in Scientific Reports, researchers from Lund University in Sweden have studied how the human balance system is affected by watching Virtual Reality videos. 4157 Mon, 18 Mar 2019 15:20:22 +0100 News | Lund university Researchers uncover additional evidence for massive solar storms http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/researchers-uncover-additional-evidence-for-massive-solar-storms Solar storms can be far more powerful than previously thought. A new study has found evidence for the third known case of a massive solar storm in historical times. The researchers believe that society might not be sufficiently prepared if a similar event were to happen now. 4151 Mon, 11 Mar 2019 20:00:00 +0100 News | Lund university Swifts are born to eat and sleep in the air http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/swifts-are-born-to-eat-and-sleep-in-the-air Nearly 100 species of swift are completely adapted to life in the air. That is the conclusion of researchers at Lund University in Sweden after having studied a third species and observing that some individuals did not land for over three months. 4139 Wed, 06 Mar 2019 12:50:06 +0100 News | Lund university New Kingdom workshop and ram-headed sphinxes excavated in Gebel el-Silsila http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/new-kingdom-workshop-and-ram-headed-sphinxes-excavated-in-gebel-el-silsila The Swedish-Egyptian mission at Gebel el-Silsila in Egypt, led by Dr. Maria Nilsson and John Ward from Lund University, has discovered a New Kingdom sandstone workshop and several sculptures during their excavations. 4138 Tue, 05 Mar 2019 11:20:29 +0100 News | Lund university Prize awarded to research on zebrafish that could lead to new treatments for diabetes http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/prize-awarded-to-research-on-zebrafish-that-could-lead-to-new-treatments-for-diabetes In his research in zebrafish, Olov Andersson of Karolinska Institutet strives to generate insulin-producing cells and new treatment methods for diabetes. This has led to his selection as a recipient of the Leif Groop award for outstanding research, awarded by the Lund University Diabetes Centre and sponsored by Novo Nordisk Sweden. 4137 Tue, 05 Mar 2019 10:55:20 +0100 News | Lund university Peptide derived from fungi kills TB bacteria http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/peptide-derived-from-fungi-kills-tb-bacteria Tuberculosis (TB) is the world’s most widespread infectious disease. Each year, close to two million people die of the disease and the number of antibiotic-resistant tuberculosis bacteria is increasing. There is a considerable need for alternatives to antibiotics. Researchers at Lund University in Sweden, and at Imperial College in UK, believe they have a new pharmaceutical candidate in their sights. They have found that the antimicrobial peptide NZX rapidly and effectively kills TB bacteria. 4136 Mon, 04 Mar 2019 15:59:02 +0100 News | Lund university Lund University receives historic EUR 33 million donation from the IKEA Foundation http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/lund-university-receives-historic-eur-33-million-donation-from-the-ikea-foundation The Lund University School of Industrial Design has been partially funded by the IKEA Foundation since its inception 20 years ago. The IKEA Foundation has now donated an additional EUR 33 million to the school. The donation is one of the largest since Lund University was founded in 1666. 4129 Tue, 26 Feb 2019 15:49:23 +0100 News | Lund university Unique research on aging voices http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/unique-research-on-aging-voices Can the singing-voice last for life? For some people, the voice quality deteriorates as early as in their fifties, while others sound great well into old age. Nobody really knows why it is so and there is no scientific evidence to back it up. A unique research project will now be initiated by Symf (The Swedish Union of Professional Musicians) and the G?teborg Opera in collaboration with Malm? Opera and the Royal Swedish Opera with researchers at Lund University leading the project. Which factors have negative impact on professional opera singers’ voices and how can damage be prevented so that voices can remain healthy in the later stages of a singers’ career? These are some of the questions the researchers are looking to answer. 4106 Fri, 15 Feb 2019 10:54:16 +0100 News | Lund university Can new methods help doctors find high-risk patients? http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/can-new-methods-help-doctors-find-high-risk-patients Heart attacks and strokes are the most common causes of death in the world. One of the biggest risk factors for these diseases consists of elevated levels of blood lipids. Researchers are currently working on developing and testing new methods to help doctors find patients at high risk of these diseases. If proven successful, they could also help patients with diabetes. 4103 Thu, 14 Feb 2019 13:57:53 +0100 News | Lund university The scent of a flower varies locally http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/the-scent-of-a-flower-varies-locally A research team that includes researchers from Lund University in Sweden, the University of California Santa Cruz, Cornell University and the University of S?o Paulo, has discovered that the scent of flowers of the same species can be completely different - despite growing only some10 kilometres apart. The study is now published in the journal PNAS. 4101 Wed, 13 Feb 2019 13:00:53 +0100 News | Lund university An understanding of burr formation can provide a competitive edge http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/an-understanding-of-burr-formation-can-provide-a-competitive-edge Less waste. Better quality. Reduced environmental impact. A safer work environment. By understanding burr formation, that is, of how much undesirable material is formed, in connection with cutting in the manufacturing industry, for example, it is possible to achieve significant economic and environmental benefits. However, knowledge in this area is limited. This is what Henrik Persson at the Faculty of Engineering (LTH) would like to change. 4098 Wed, 13 Feb 2019 10:26:21 +0100 News | Lund university Archaeological finds without digging http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/archaeological-finds-without-digging Shovels, brushes and dusty excavations sites? For many people this is what comes to mind when they think of archeology. But the field has developed at an unprecedented pace during the last few decades, and now includes tools and methods such as 3D modelling, spatial analysis and even laser cameras mounted on drones. Nicolo Dell'Unto, researcher at Lund University, is part of a growing number of archeologists who are using new techniques to push the study of history forward. 4088 Fri, 08 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0100 News | Lund university Dung beetles navigate better under a full moon http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/dung-beetles-navigate-better-under-a-full-moon Of all nocturnal animals, only dung beetles can hold their course using polarized moonlight. Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have now shown that the beetles can use polarized light when its signal strength is weak,which may allow them to find their bearings when artificial light from cities swamp natural moonlight. 4079 Mon, 04 Feb 2019 13:34:57 +0100 News | Lund university Lung cancer: early diagnosis leads to better targeted treatment http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/lung-cancer-early-diagnosis-leads-to-better-targeted-treatment Each year approximately four thousand people in Sweden are diagnosed with lung cancer and nearly as many die each year from the disease. It is the fifth most common form of cancer in Sweden and the one which claims the most victims. At Lund University researchers are working on finding new methods to diagnose and treat the disease. 4089 Sat, 26 Jan 2019 00:00:00 +0100 News | Lund university Unique camera enables researchers to see the world the way birds do http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/unique-camera-enables-researchers-to-see-the-world-the-way-birds-do Using a specially designed camera, researchers at Lund University in Sweden have succeeded for the first time in recreating how birds see colours in their surroundings. The study reveals that birds see a very different reality compared to what we see. 4028 Tue, 22 Jan 2019 17:00:00 +0100 News | Lund university Body-painting protects against bloodsucking insects http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/body-painting-protects-against-bloodsucking-insects A study by researchers from Sweden and Hungary shows that white, painted stripes on the body protect skin from insect bites. It is the first time researchers have successfully shown that body-painting has this effect. Among indigenous peoples who wear body-paint, the markings thus provide a certain protection against insect-borne diseases. 4023 Thu, 17 Jan 2019 16:09:58 +0100 News | Lund university Promising bioplastic derived from “poo molecule” http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/promising-bioplastic-derived-from-poo-molecule A new, fossil-free bioplastic is emerging. According to lab experiments, it is more durable than both regular plastic and other bioplastics, and is potentially better suited for recycling. 4021 Tue, 15 Jan 2019 11:03:18 +0100 News | Lund university Economist with focus on inequality receives new Swedish prize in economics and management http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/economist-with-focus-on-inequality-receives-new-swedish-prize-in-economics-and-management Professor Marianne Bertrand at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business is the first recipient of the the Jan S?derberg Family Prize in Economics and Management. Professor Bertrand will receive the prize and hold a lecture on 12 March in Lund, Sweden. 4012 Mon, 14 Jan 2019 12:54:33 +0100 News | Lund university New honorary doctors in science at Lund University http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/new-honorary-doctors-in-science-at-lund-university Lund University in Sweden has two new honorary doctors in science. One is an entertaining and creative circus artist in the subject of physics. The other is a chemistry professor who is passionate about providing students with an early link to qualified research. 4004 Thu, 10 Jan 2019 12:48:45 +0100 News | Lund university Antennal sensors allow hawkmoths to make quick moves http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/antennal-sensors-allow-hawkmoths-to-make-quick-moves All insects use vision to control their position in the air when they fly, but they also integrate information from other senses. Biologists at Lund University have now shown how hawkmoths use mechanosensors in their antennae to control fast flight manoeuvres. 3988 Thu, 20 Dec 2018 13:19:51 +0100 News | Lund university Plastic waste disintegrates into nanoparticles, study finds http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/plastic-waste-disintegrates-into-nanoparticles-study-finds There is a considerable risk that plastic waste in the environment releases nano-sized particles known as nanoplastics, according to a new study from Lund University. The researchers studied what happened when takeaway coffee cup lids, for example, were subjected to mechanical breakdown, in an effort to mimic the degradation that happens to plastic in the ocean. 3985 Wed, 19 Dec 2018 14:31:50 +0100 News | Lund university Intact mass grave discovered at ancient Egyptian site http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/intact-mass-grave-discovered-at-ancient-egyptian-site The Swedish-Egyptian archaeological mission at Gebel el Silsila, Egypt, led by Dr. Maria Nilsson and John Ward from Lund University, has discovered an intact pharaonic chamber tomb – the first at the site, and a rare discovery in Egypt. 3979 Fri, 14 Dec 2018 16:16:06 +0100 News | Lund university The immune system’s supercell – how it matures http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/the-immune-systems-supercell-how-it-matures NK cells, or natural killer cells, play an important role in the body’s defences against cancer and various infections. Now, in a joint project, researchers at Lund University in Sweden, the University of Oxford and Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm have mapped how the different steps of the maturation process of these supercells from blood producing stem cells in the bone marrow are regulated: knowledge which is crucial for the development of new immunotherapies against cancer. 3976 Thu, 13 Dec 2018 15:41:18 +0100 News | Lund university More “heatwave” summers will affect animals http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/more-heatwave-summers-will-affect-animals Heatwaves similar to those experienced in Europe in 2018 can have a very negative impact on animals. A new study from Lund University in Sweden shows that overheated birds have smaller offspring, and that those that are born may have lower chances of survival. 3974 Wed, 12 Dec 2018 11:15:09 +0100 News | Lund university Lund and four other major research universities create a European Alliance for Global Health http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/lund-and-four-other-major-research-universities-create-a-european-alliance-for-global-health Lund University (Sweden), Ludwig-Maximilian University of Munich (Germany), Porto University (Portugal), Szeged University (Hungary) and Université Paris-Saclay have decided to join forces to create a pilot project of a European University, an “Alliance for Global Health,” committed to higher education in global health and well-being challenges at the heart of European values. 3973 Mon, 10 Dec 2018 16:20:44 +0100 News | Lund university WATCH: A code for reprogramming immune sentinels http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/watch-a-code-for-reprogramming-immune-sentinels For the first time, a research team at Lund University in Sweden has successfully reprogrammed mouse and human skin cells into immune cells called dendritic cells. The process is quick and effective, representing a pioneering contribution for applying direct reprogramming for inducing immunity. Importantly, the finding opens up the possibility of developing novel dendritic cell-based immunotherapies against cancer. 3969 Fri, 07 Dec 2018 21:10:31 +0100 News | Lund university HALOS - A unique collaboration in Life Science http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/halos-a-unique-collaboration-in-life-science A new EU project in the program area ?resund-Kattegatt-Skagerak (?KS) has been approved. Hanseatic League of Science (HALOS) will build a unique collaboration between Hamburg and South-West Scandinavia, bring together the four unique research facilities MAX IV, ESS, DESY and European XFEL, and create a centre for integrated, world-leading Life Science innovation and research. 3968 Fri, 07 Dec 2018 12:10:28 +0100 News | Lund university How fruit flies ended up in our fruit bowls http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/how-fruit-flies-ended-up-in-our-fruit-bowls Fruit flies can be a scourge in our homes, but to date no-one has known how they became our uninvited lodgers. For decades, researchers have searched for their origins and now a Swedish-American research team has succeeded. They have also discovered that fruit flies in the wild are far more picky than their domesticated counterparts, a factor that long ago probably prompted the flies to move in with people. 3966 Fri, 07 Dec 2018 10:53:32 +0100 News | Lund university Remarkably preserved fossil sea reptile reveals skin that is still soft http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/remarkably-preserved-fossil-sea-reptile-reveals-skin-that-is-still-soft The remains of an 180 million-year-old ichthyosaur (literally ‘fish-lizard’) have been analysed, and the fossil is so well-preserved that its soft-tissues retain some of their original pliability. The study, published in Nature, contributes to our understanding on how convergent evolution works, and shows that ichthyosaurs adapted to marine conditions in a way that is remarkably similar to that of modern whales. 3964 Thu, 06 Dec 2018 10:11:56 +0100 News | Lund university Mechanism for turning skin cells into blood stem cells uncovered http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/mechanism-for-turning-skin-cells-into-blood-stem-cells-uncovered Researchers have succeeded in converting human skin cells into blood stem cells in an international collaboration project. “This is a first step on the way to generating fully functional blood stem cells in a petri dish which, in the future, could be transplanted into patients with blood diseases”, says Filipe Pereira, the researcher from Lund University in Sweden who led the study now published in Cell Reports. 3962 Wed, 05 Dec 2018 12:25:23 +0100 News | Lund university The “wrong” connective tissue cells signal worse prognosis for breast cancer patients http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/the-wrong-connective-tissue-cells-signal-worse-prognosis-for-breast-cancer-patients In certain forms of cancer, connective tissue forms around and within the tumour. One previously unproven theory is that there are several different types of connective tissue cells with different functions, which affect the development of the tumour in different ways. Now, a research team at Lund University in Sweden has identified three different types of connective tissue cells. In studies of breast cancer patients, the team found that two of these are linked to a worse prognosis. 3960 Tue, 04 Dec 2018 11:55:56 +0100 News | Lund university Historical climate important for soil responses to future climate change http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/historical-climate-important-for-soil-responses-to-future-climate-change Researchers at Lund University in Sweden, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Amsterdam, examined how 18 years of drought affect the billions of vital bacteria that are hidden in the soil beneath our feet. The results show that this type of extreme weather determines how soils respond to future climate change. 3956 Fri, 30 Nov 2018 11:24:25 +0100 News | Lund university Brilliant iron molecule could provide cheaper solar energy http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/brilliant-iron-molecule-could-provide-cheaper-solar-energy For the first time, researchers have succeeded in creating an iron molecule that can function both as a photocatalyst to produce fuel and in solar cells to produce electricity. The results indicate that the iron molecule could replace the more expensive and rarer metals used today. 3954 Fri, 30 Nov 2018 10:02:54 +0100 News | Lund university Prestigious grants for research on biological compasses and the threat to pollinating insects http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/prestigious-grants-for-research-on-biological-compasses-and-the-threat-to-pollinating-insects Lund University in Sweden has received prestigious grants of EUR 4 million from the European Research Council (ERC). The funding is allocated to two new projects in biology and environmental research respectively. One project concerns gaining insights into one of the animal world’s most sensitive biological compasses. The other will examine the continuing decline of pollinating insects. 3953 Thu, 29 Nov 2018 13:34:49 +0100 News | Lund university Sperm count 50% lower in sons of fathers who smoke http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/sperm-count-50-lower-in-sons-of-fathers-who-smoke Studies have repeatedly linked maternal smoking during pregnancy with reduced sperm counts in male offspring. Now a research team at Lund University in Sweden has discovered that, independently of nicotine exposure from the mother, men whose fathers smoked at the time of pregnancy had half as many sperm as those with non-smoking fathers. 3949 Thu, 22 Nov 2018 12:34:06 +0100 News | Lund university Italian President Sergio Mattarella visits Lund University http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/italian-president-sergio-mattarella-visits-lund-university As part of a three-day state visit to Sweden, His Excellency Sergio Mattarella, President of Italy, came to Lund University where he gave a lecture to a packed auditorium. The aim of the official visit was to further promote the long-standing and excellent relations between Sweden and Italy. 3945 Mon, 19 Nov 2018 10:29:28 +0100 News | Lund university Songbirds set long-distance migration record http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/songbirds-set-long-distance-migration-record Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have studied flight routes to determine how far willow warblers migrate in the autumn. The results show that the willow warbler holds a long-distance migration record in the ten-gram weight category – with the small birds flying around 13 000 kilometres or longer to reach their destination. 3942 Thu, 15 Nov 2018 11:50:41 +0100 News | Lund university New Lund University think-tank looks to the future http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/new-lund-university-think-tank-looks-to-the-future With research at eight different faculties, Lund University has a unique opportunity to look at future problems from all possible perspectives. LU Futura, the University’s new think-tank, will take an interdisciplinary approach to important future issues.? 3940 Wed, 14 Nov 2018 00:01:48 +0100 News | Lund university Large-scale land acquisition in Africa affects farmers’ ability to produce their own food http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/large-scale-land-acquisition-in-africa-affects-farmers-ability-to-produce-their-own-food In order to avoid water conflicts and to stimulate food production in sub-Saharan Africa, large-scale land acquisition should be regulated and focus on food production. These are the conclusions of a new doctoral thesis from Lund University in Sweden. 3937 Thu, 08 Nov 2018 15:31:37 +0100 News | Lund university Unique study shows how bats manoeuvre http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/unique-study-shows-how-bats-manoeuvre For the first time, researchers have succeeded in directly measuring the aerodynamics of flying animals as they manoeuvre in the air. Previously, the upstroke of the wings was considered relatively insignificant compared to the powerful downstroke but, in a new study, biologists at Lund University in Sweden have observed that it is on the upstroke of the wings that bats often turn. 3936 Thu, 08 Nov 2018 14:29:58 +0100 News | Lund university Long-term study shows that HIV-2 is deadlier than previously thought http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/long-term-study-shows-that-hiv-2-is-deadlier-than-previously-thought A study published in The Lancet HIV shows that HIV-2 is more pathogenic than previously demonstrated. The new findings indicate that early treatment should be applied to all patients with HIV, not only to those with HIV-1. 3935 Tue, 06 Nov 2018 11:02:37 +0100 News | Lund university Researchers solve the mystery of the bird from Atlantis http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/researchers-solve-the-mystery-of-the-bird-from-atlantis The world’s smallest flightless bird can be found on Inaccessible Island in the middle of the South Atlantic. Less than 100 years ago, researchers believed that this species of bird once wandered there on land extensions now submerged in water, and therefore named it Atlantisia. In a new study led by biologists at Lund University in Sweden, the researchers have now shown that the ancestors of the Atlantisia flew to Inaccessible Island from South America about 1.5 million years ago. 3933 Thu, 01 Nov 2018 18:39:16 +0100 News | Lund university New and better marker for assessing patients after cardiac arrest http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/new-and-better-marker-for-assessing-patients-after-cardiac-arrest Last year, researchers Tobias Cronberg and Niklas Mattsson at Lund University in Sweden published a study showing serum tau levels to be a new and promising marker for identifying patients with severe brain damage after cardiac arrest. Together with Marion Moseby Knappe, they have now discovered that the protein Neurofilament light (NFL) in serum constitutes an even better marker to identify the degree of brain damage after cardiac arrest. This information could form the basis for decisions on continuing life-support treatment. 3930 Tue, 30 Oct 2018 19:08:13 +0100 News | Lund university Scientists refine the search for dark matter http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/scientists-refine-the-search-for-dark-matter Researchers from Lund University in Sweden, among others, have developed a more effective technique in the search for clues about dark matter in the universe. They can now analyse much larger amounts of the data generated at CERN. 3929 Mon, 29 Oct 2018 18:20:57 +0100 News | Lund university Can we limit global warming to 1.5 °C? http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/can-we-limit-global-warming-to-15-degc Efforts to combat climate change tend to focus on supply-side changes, such as shifting to renewable or cleaner energy. In a Special Issue in the Energy Efficiency Journal that follows the IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 ?C, researchers argue that demand-side approaches can play a crucial role given the aspirational target outlined in the Paris Agreement. 3912 Thu, 25 Oct 2018 10:29:58 +0200 News | Lund university Grant awarded to visionary research on how the brain predicts the outside world http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/grant-awarded-to-visionary-research-on-how-the-brain-predicts-the-outside-world How does the brain process information that is generated when we touch different things with our hands – the mirror of deeper intelligence? Could that knowledge teach us to better understand and diagnose brain diseases? An EU grant of SEK 32 million will go towards studying what happens in the brain when we interact with the world around us. 3910 Wed, 24 Oct 2018 12:05:37 +0200 News | Lund university New study may provide clues to how birds began to fly http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/new-study-may-provide-clues-to-how-birds-began-to-fly For the first time, researchers have measured what is known as the ground effect of flying animals - and it turns out that they save a lot more energy by flying close to the ground than previously believed. The study from Lund University in Sweden supports one of the theories on how birds began to fly. 3908 Fri, 19 Oct 2018 13:57:04 +0200 News | Lund university Commissioned education from Lund University contributes to the reduction of traffic fatalities http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/commissioned-education-from-lund-university-contributes-to-the-reduction-of-traffic-fatalities Every year, traffic accidents account for more than 1.3 million deaths worldwide. In an effort to reduce this figure, Lund University offers international courses in road safety management for professionals. In August this year, Lund University was privileged to welcome participants from Botswana, Uganda, Zambia, Malawi and South Africa. 3886 Tue, 16 Oct 2018 12:36:47 +0200 News | Lund university 3D mammography detected 34% more breast cancers in screening http://www.xinhuifc.com/article/3d-mammography-detected-34-more-breast-cancers-in-screening After screening 15 000 women over a period of five years, a major clinical study in Sweden has shown that 3D mammography, or breast tomosynthesis, detects over 30% more cancers compared to traditional mammography – with a majority of the detected tumours proving to be invasive cancers. The extensive screening study was conducted by Lund University and Sk?ne University Hospital in Sweden, and the results are now published in the reputable journal Lancet Oncology. 3883 Mon, 15 Oct 2018 09:54:07 +0200 News | Lund university 必威官网